Images de voyage


The city expanded quickly once the development of a brand new wharf in 1931, followed by its designation because the capital town of the then-French colony in 1933. city remained the capital of African country once its independence from France in 1960. The completion of the Vridi Canal in 1951 enabled city to become a crucial ocean port. In 1983, town of Yamoussoukro was selected because the official political capital of African country. However, most political establishments and foreign embassies still be placed in city.

Because city is additionally the biggest town within the country and also the centre of its economic activity, it's formally been selected because the "economic capital" of the country. The city Autonomous District, that encompasses town and a few of its suburbs, is one in every of the fourteen districts of African country.


Location map of city
Abidjan lies on the south-east coast of the country, on the Gulf of Guinea. town is found on the Ébrié lagune. The downtown, Le Plateau, is that the center of town, along side Cocody, Deux Plateaux (the city's wealthiest neighborhood and a hub for diplomats), and Adjamé, a slum on the north shore of the lagune. Treichville and Marcory delude the south, Attecoube, Locodjro, Abobo Doume and Yopougon to the west, and Île Boulay is found within the middle of the lagune. additional south lies Port Bouët, home to the field and main haven. city is found at 5°25′ North, 4°2′ West (5.41667, −4.03333).[4]

Abidjan experiences a tropical wet and dry climate (Aw), per the Köppen climate classification. city has nonconsecutive rainy seasons (precipitation higher than sixty millimetres (2.4 in) with a protracted season from March to July and a brief season from Sep to Gregorian calendar month, and 3 dry months (January, February and August). Precipitation is rich throughout the summer months, apart from August, thanks to activation of the Benguela Current, that reduces the precipitation total throughout the month.[5] The Benguela Current conjointly lowers the mean temperature throughout August, creating it the good month of the year, averaging twenty four.5 °C (76.1 °F). city has 2 further dry months (January and February). city is usually wet, with average ratio higher than eightieth throughout the year.

Territorial divisions
Abidjan consists of northern city and southern city. every has 10 formal boroughs, or communes, every being pass by a city manager.

Communes of Northern city

Some buildings within the highland
Abobo consists principally of housing project. Abobo features a massive population of low-income migrants. This space has developed impromptu.
Adjamé developed from the village of Ébrié, that existed before city developed. though contaminated and tiny in size, this commune is commercially vital for the Ivorian economy. It contains a varied looking district and its bus terminal is that the shelter d'Ivoire's main hub for international bus lines.
Yopougon is that the most inhabited commune of city, lying part in Northern city and part across the lagune in Southern city. it's home to each industrial and residential areas. The analysis station ORSTOM, the biologist Institute, and a coaching hospital area unit placed during this commune.
Plateau is Ivory Coast's business center, with terribly trendy, tall buildings. though the govtal and body capital of African country formally transferred to Yamoussoukro in 1983, the establishments of the republic like the Presidency and National Assembly area unit still placed in highland. it's the most body, industrial and middle of Ivory Coast.
Attécoubé contains Banco forest, classified as a parkland.
Cocody is legendary for its residential districts, Deux-Plateaux and geographical region. The University of Cocody, a public establishment, and a few personal universities are placed at intervals the commune. Radio tv Ivoirienne (RTI) is found in Cocody. The President of the Republic conjointly resides during this commune, that contains the embassy district.
Communes of Southern city

Beach of Vridi
Koumassi: This commune has a crucial industrial space.
Marcory: This commune is especially residential, and contains the upmarket Biétry [fr] and Zone four neighborhoods wherever several foreigners live.
Port-Bouët: This commune includes the (SIR works and also the Félix Houphouët-Boigny International field. there's conjointly a longtime workplace of the IRD, the centre of very little Bassam.[10] The noted pharos sweeps the Gulf of Guinea for many maritime miles out. The Vridi beach space is busy each weekend though the ocean is incredibly rough; this development wide holds right along the Gulf of Guinea. From 1950 on, Vridi has been the first employment hub in city owing to its increasing variety of factories and warehouses.
Treichville: This commune is home to the Autonomous Port of city and to several stores. The port space is additionally industrial. there's conjointly the Treichville state natatorium (PET), the Treichville sports palace, the Palace of Culture, and also the city course.
Île Boulay.
Towns close to city embody Jacqueville, Grand-Lahou and Dabou within the west; Sikensi, Tiassalé, Agboville, Adzopé and Alépé within the north; and Grand-Bassam to the east.

The cities (or sub-prefectures) of Anyama, Bingerville, Brofodoumé and Songon area unit at intervals the city Department, that is co-extensive with the autonomous district.

According to oral tradition of the Tchaman as rumored within the encyclopaedic lexicon of African country,[11] the name "Abidjan" results from a misunderstanding. Legend states that associate previous man carrying branches to repair the roof of his house met a ecu soul UN agency asked him the name of the closest village. The previous man didn't speak the language of the soul, and thought that he was being asked to justify his presence therein place. panic-struck by this surprising meeting, he fled shouting "min-chan m'bidjan", which suggests within the Ébrié language: "I simply cut the leaves." The soul, thinking that his question had been answered, recorded the name of the venue as city.

A slightly totally different and fewer elaborate version of the legend: once the primary colonists asked a native man the name of the place, the person misunderstood and replied "M'bi min djan": "I've simply been cutting leaves".[12]

See also: Timeline of city
Colonial era

Abidjan boatmen.
Abidjan was originally atiny low Atchan fishing village. In 1896, following a series of deadly infectious disease epidemics, French colonists UN agency had ab initio settled in Grand-Bassam set to maneuver to a safer place and in 1898 selected this location of city. In 1903 it formally became a city.[13] The settlers were followed by the colonial government, created in 1899. on the other hand close Bingerville became the capital of the French colony, from 1900 till 1934.

The future city, settled on the sting of the lagune n'doupé ("the lagune in hot water"), offered additional land and larger opportunities for trade growth. The wharf in Petit Bassam (now Port-Bouet) south of city quickly overtook the wharf of Grand-Bassam in importance, and have become the most purpose of economic access to the colony. In 1904, the rail terminus was placed within the Port-Bouet space of city.[13] beginning in 1904, once Bingerville wasn't nevertheless complete, city became the most economic hub of the colony of Ivory Coast and a primary channel for distributing merchandise to the ecu back country, significantly through the Lebanese community, that was increasing in importance.

Henri DE Fougères [fr] became governor of African country in 1924, and remained governor till his death in 1931. one in every of the most streets of city still bears his name.

In 1931, highland and what would become Treichville were connected by a pontoon bridge, additional or less wherever the Houphouët-Boigny Bridge stands these days. The year 1931 conjointly saw addresses begin to be allotted to the streets of city for the primary time. The addressing project was briefly ended in 1964, below the leadership of city manager Konan Kanga, then badly redone American-style in 1993.

Abidjan became the third capital of Ivory Coast by a 1934 decree, following Grand-Bassam and Bingerville.[13] many villages in Tchaman were then deserted. The leader of the Tchaman community will still be found in Adjame ("center" or "meeting" in Tchaman), north of the highland.

South of the highland district (the current central district of town of Abidjan), the village of Dugbeo was moved across the lagune to Anoumabo, "the forest of fruit bats", that became the neighborhood of Treichville (now called Commikro, town of clerks). Treichville was renamed in 1934, in honour of Marcel Treich-Laplénie (1860–1890), 1st|the primary} soul of the Ivory Coast and its first colonial administrator, thought-about its founder. rather than Dugbeyo, is that the current Treich-Laplénie Avenue, the bus terminal and water lagune buses in highland, and also the Avenue Charles general (commonly referred to as Rue du Commerce).

The city was set out like most colonial cities, on a grid arrange. autoimmune disease highland ("m'brato" in Tchaman) were thickly settled by settlers. within the north, town was thickly settled by the colonised. the 2 zones were separated by the Gallieni Military Barracks, wherever currently there's this courthouse.

Near the port, originally named avenue DE Marseille, settlers became defensive and scarf a sign of a noted street of Marseille renamed the road Canebière, a sand track. this is often the legend behind the primary Blohorn oil mills, in Cocody and a course was inbuilt the south of town.

In autoimmune disease highland within the Nineteen Forties, the Bardon Park edifice was engineered, the primary cool edifice operating in francophone Africa.

Abidjan's lagune became connected to the ocean once the 15m-deep Vridi [fr] canal was completed in 1950.[13] shortly city became the middle of geographical area. In 1958, the primary bridge to attach Petit-Bassam Island with the dry land was completed.[13]

After independence
When shelter d’Ivoire became freelance in 1960, city became the new country’s body and economic center. The axis south of Treichville, towards the international field and also the beaches, became the guts of European and materialistic city. town saw appreciable increase within the decades following independence, increasing from one hundred eighty,000 inhabitants in one960 to 1,269,000 in 1978.[14] Abidjan’s skyline dates back to the economic prosperity of this era.[15]

New districts like the upscale Cocody were based throughout during this period; engineered to an oversized extent during a colonial vogue, Cocody has since become home to shelter d’Ivoire’s rich categories likewise as expatriates and foreign diplomats. The district is home to the embassy of France, edifice Ivoire (which for a protracted time, was the sole African edifice to possess a athletics rink), and, since 2009, the biggest U.S. embassy in geographical area.[16]

Construction on St. Paul’s Cathedral, designed by Italian creator Aldo Spirito, began with the 1980 groundbreaking by Pope John Paul II and was completed in 1985. From the Eighties, Abidjan’s fortunes declined as a results of negligence on the a part of officers likewise as corruption and general degradation. In 1983, the village of Yamoussoukro became the new political capital of Ivory Coast below the leadership of President Félix Houphouët-Boigny, UN agency was born in Yamoussoukro.

From 2002 to 2007 and particularly from 2010 to 2011, city suffered from the implications of the primary and Second Ivorian Civil Wars. In Gregorian calendar month 2004, armed conflict stone-broke out between French forces and Ivorian forces loyal to Laurent Gbagbo once the Ivorian Air Force attacked French peacekeepers in northern shelter d’Ivoire. once France destroyed shelter d’Ivoire’s air capabilities in return, pro-Gbagbo teams staged riots and robbery in city and targeted French homes, schools, and businesses.[17] French peacekeepers moved into town to calm matters. alternative crises throughout the primary war amount embody the case of the Probo native bear in 2006,[18] during which disposed merchandise caused thousands of residents to hunt medical attention. shelter d’Ivoire’s civil conflicts seriously wedged the protection state of affairs in city. Amidst the anti-French riots in Gregorian calendar month 2004, 4,000 jailers in city free from the country’s largest prison.[19]

Abidjan was one in every of the most theaters of the 2010-2011 Ivorian crisis and also the web site of major demonstrations against incumbent president Gbagbo, as well as one on International Women’s Day in 2011 that saw many demonstrators killed by Gbagbo’s forces. the tip of the crisis came with Gbagbo’s capture in city in April 2011, following a serious offensive by forces loyal to election winner Alassane Ouattara with support from France and also the world organisation.[20]

Formerly managed by the French colonial administration, city became a municipality in 1956, divided into body areas by lagoons. Its initial municipal council was electoral on eighteen Gregorian calendar month 1956, and also the initial city manager within the context of the Loi-Cadre of 1956[21] was president Félix Houphouët-Boigny. A 1978 law created twenty-seven municipalities within the country. once the applying of this new organization, Dioulo Emmanuel was electoral city manager of city on thirty Gregorian calendar month 1980.

List of consecutive mayors
Date of election Name Party Background Status
1956 Félix Houphouët-Boigny PDCI-RDA Politician Elected
Antoine Filidori Industry Appointed
Jean Porquet Industry Appointed
Antoine Konan Kanga PDCI-RDA Politician Appointed
1980 Emmanuel Dioulo PDCI-RDA Politician Elected
1985 Mobio N'Koumo PDCI-RDA Politician Elected
Since 2001, town has been divided into 10 boroughs (communes). In 2011, the autonomous district of city was established by a decree instituting a system supported districts and regions instead.[22] with rural sub-prefectures in Anyama, Bingerville, Brofodoumé, and Songon. The autonomous district overlaps the city Department, that was established in 1969 and has had its current boundaries since 1998. In 2011, the post of city manager of city was replaced by that of District Governor, appointed by the pinnacle of state. The position has been occupied by parliamentarian Beugré Mambé since 2011.[23] every of the 10 communes of city has its own municipal council, headed by a city manager. The last municipal elections were command in March 2001. The sub-prefectures of the autonomous district even have their own mayors and councils.

Location of the autonomous district of city

The 10 communes of city
Commune Mayor Political party
Abobo Adama Toungara RDR
Adjamé Youssouf Sylla RDR
Attécoubé Danho Paulin PDCI-RDA
Cocody Jean-Baptiste Gomont Diagou [fr] FPI
Le Plateau Akossi season Bendjo PDCI-RDA
Yopougon Gbamnan Djidan Jean Félicien FPI
Treichville François Amichia PDCI-RDA
Koumassi N'Dohi Yapi Raymond PDCI-RDA
Marcory Marcellin Akanda Assi FPI
Port-Bouët Hortense Aka-Anghui PDCI-RDA
The communes of Abobo, Adjamé, Attécoubé, Cocody, and highland area unit placed north of the Ébrié lagune (hence the name "Abidjan North"). this is often the continental a part of city. The commune of Yopougon straddles the lagune, with half lying north and half south of that body of water. The communes of Treichville, Koumassi, Marcory, and Port-Bouet in city area unit south of the lagune. Blokosso and Locodjro villages area unit enclosed at intervals town and maintain cultural identity in urban areas.

Places of interest

Le Plateau, Abidjan
The University of city (1958),[13] technical schools, and also the National Library of African country and National deposit area unit in city.

Sights in city embody St Paul's Cathedral designed by Aldo Spirito, the Cocody Municipal deposit of up to date Art and also the Parc du Banco timberland reserve.

Plateau is understood for its skyscrapers, that area unit uncommon in geographical area. it's the business centre of city. With its gleaming skyscrapers, high-end outlets, and out of doors cafes, highland may be a favorite place of business travelers. There are many various banks placed within the highland district.

Government establishments

Seat of the National Assembly of African country
The majority of Ivorian government establishments area unit still placed in city and haven't been transferred to the political capital, Yamoussoukro. The President's workplace is in Cocody,[24] and also the parliament,[25] the Constitutional Council, the Supreme Court, and also the government building of the National Order area unit bushed highland. below the presidency of Laurent Gbagbo (2000–11), efforts were created to offer impact to the project of constructing the political capital Yamoussoukro in African country.[26] This goal continues to be the agreement of the country's political leaders.

Government offices area unit placed in autoimmune disease Plateau[27] within the territorial dominion of city, avenue Carde or Angoulvant avenue (near the Cathedral of St. Paul of Abidjan), or elsewhere within the nice buildings of the city.

The instability of the 2002-2007 war and 2010-2011 crisis saw foreign peacekeeping forces stationed in city. The United Nations Operation in shelter d’Ivoire (UNOCI), established in April 2004, has its headquarters at the previous edifice Sebroko in Attécoubé. whereas the scale of the force has been reduced since the tip of the 2011 crisis, UNOCI’s mandate was extended in 2013 and once more in 2015. The force remains approved to keep up up to five,245 troops, 192 observers, 1,500 police and eight customs officers within the country.[28]

France’s peacekeeping operations in shelter d’Ivoire continuing below the aegis of Operation imaginary being till 2015 and so because the French forces in shelter d’Ivoire from 2015 onward. In 2014, French defense minister Jean-Yves autoimmune disease Drian proclaimed that city would be strengthened because the entry purpose for France’s military presence and scheme operations within the Sahel region.[29] once FTO militants targeted beachgoers at Grand Bassam in March 2016, the French government proclaimed it'd increase its troop readying in shelter d’Ivoire from five hundred to 900.[30] French troopers area unit primarily based in Port-Bouet likewise as at the city field.[31]

In 2007, capital of South Dakota Laba’s comedy film Permanent Danger explored the laxness of the police against pillaging in major African cities, specifically in city.

Abidjan is split into districts, every of that features a police headquarters. The municipal police and national police area unit separate.

All police area unit trained at the National academy within the city of Cocody. they're recruited by competitive examination command by the police administration. The police embody many sections, like the BAE (Anti Riot Squad), whose base is found in Yopougon north of town, the CRS (Republican Security Company), whose main base is found in Williamsville (Adjame) and conjointly includes a secondary base referred to as CRS2, that is found in zone four within the city of Marcory within the central capital. The Force[who?] and CECOS accompany the police.

The main base of the police force is at Agban (commonly Adjamé). There area unit others in Abobo and Kumasi, It conjointly features a coaching college in Cocody and also the city[clarification needed].

Since 2000, African country has practised a pointy rise in drug traffic. Drug dens arise principally in informal settlements and there has been a recent spike in demand among idle youth and Ivorian vagrants. The Ivorian police more and more specialise in the fight against trafficking and drug use within the district of city. A report by the workplace of the world organisation says geographical area plays associate more and more necessary role within the transit of hard drug to occupier and Europe.[32] per associate investigation by a United Nations commission for the fight against drug traffic, forty sixth of adolescents in {west africa|West Africa|geographical area unita|geographic area|geographical region|geographic region} are obsessed on extralegal medicine. In might 2007, seven drug homes were razed and 191 folks in remission as well as a man.[33][34]

French military base
Abidjan is home to Port-Bouet, one in every of the six French military bases that also exist in Africa (Dakar, Libreville, Bouar CAR, national capital and Djibouti). Thousands of individuals live there, round the forty third BIMA that is for good in situ in accordance with established defense agreements on twenty four April 1961 linking the 2 countries.[35]

Relationships and partnerships
Diplomacy and international bodies
Abidjan is that the regional headquarters of major international institutions: United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, world organisation Development Program, World Health Organization, World Food Program, UNOPS,[36] UNFPA,[37] International Labour Organization (ILO), International fund (IMF), etc. International nations all have illustration in city, most of that serve sub-region

The yankee Embassy is found in shelter d'Ivoire[38] whereas the African Development Bank (ADB)[39] moved for a jiffy to African nation, that is that the largest institution in Africa.

Twin cities – Sister cities
Abidjan is sisters with:

Tianjin, China
Marseille, France
São Paulo, Brazil
point of entry, US
Alfortville, France (twinned with Cocody)
Kumasi, African country (twinned with Treichville)
Pontault-Combault, France (twinned with Anyama)
Boulogne-Billancourt, France
Yokohama, Japan
In the Eighties, Jean-Bédel Bokassa took refuge in city once his ouster from power within the African country Republic.

The 1998 census recorded Abidjan's population as a pair of,877,923. Estimates for the population of the city metropolitan space as of 2005 vary between four and five million inhabitants. As city is thickly settled by folks from a large array of various ethnicities, French is usually spoken within the metropolitan space, that is that the fourth largest French speaking metropolitan space within the world once Paris, Montreal and Leopoldville.[citation needed] conversational city French has even appeared, that features a totally different pronunciation and a few acquainted words from normal French. city is recognized in concert of the few areas in Africa wherever French (colloquial city French) is really a native tongue,[40] along side capital of Gabon, Gabon.[41]

The population of city was four,707,404 at the 2014 census. In 2006, the metropolitan space of city had five,060,858 inhabitants. This population increase will be attributed to the displacement since Sep 2002 caused by the war. several inhabitants return to measure in city for employment and safer housing.

Demographic evolution
1920 1946 1970 1978 1998 2003 2014
1,000 48,000 500,000 1,200,000 3,125,890 3,660,682 4,707,404
Numbers since 1920: Population while not duplication

Abidjan Centre
By 1950, city had simply exceeded a population of fifty,000 (at the tip of 1948). Reaching a population of 1,000,000 by the tip of 1975, town grew at a rate of ten to 12-tone system each year, doubling each six or seven years. However, this growth underwent a pointy decline thanks to the crises of the Eighties and Nineteen Nineties. within the last twenty years of the twentieth century, the expansion rate born to 3–6%. Birth rate growth was supplemented by migration, with the inflow being substantial and also the outflow solely part compensating the arrivals. The migration, before the census of 1988, contributed a growth of regarding eighty,000 with fifty,000 folks from at intervals African country, and regarding thirty,000 from abroad per shelter d'Ivoireyear. From at intervals African country, the migration pattern was dominated by Akan (South-east, 48%), then Niger-Congo (North-west, 24%) and Krou (South-west, 20%). From abroad, the migration was Burkinabes (30%), Malians (22%), Ghanaians (19%), Nigerien (11%), and Guineans (9%).[42] Of the non-African migration, Lebanese migration was highest, followed by European migration, with the French being largest of this latter cluster. All in all, folks of non-African origin represent three-d of the whole population of city, that remains the very best within the region.

The figures for 2006 calculable the population of city to three,796,677 inhabitants, whereas the larger metropolitan space of city had five,060,858 inhabitants. This population increase is especially thanks to war events of Sep 2002. The city hosts many folks in search of each jobs and secure homes.

Before 2014, the last population census within the country had taken place in 1998. It conferred a pair of,877,948 inhabitants for town.[43] a brand new census was command in might 2014 and showed a population for town of four,707,404.

The traditional language of town was Ebrié. Since independence, the official language in city and throughout African country has been French. whereas the official language may be a formal selection normal French almost like that of Paris, the foremost usually spoken type of French in city may be a conversational idiom called français DE Treichville or français DE Moussa that differs from normal French in pronunciation and in a number of its vocabulary. Another type of spoken French in city is Nouchi, a extremely informal selection used as adolescent slang. The historical linguistic communication, still spoken and understood by most of the commerce population of city, is Dioula. town hosts several Ivorians from everywhere the country and regarding sixty vernacular languages area unit spoken, like Attié, Baoulé, Bété, and Wobé. city is encircled by quite thirty villages wherever Baoulé and Ébrié area unit still usually spoken.

In African country, the enrollment rate is 74%[44] associated access to education is proscribed by an entrance assessment at the sixth stage once that simple fraction of scholars area unit allowed to continue their studies. pure gold of the scholar population resides in city, that includes 2 hundredth of the whole population. city is that the location of the most instructional establishments within the African country. These embody the Gymnasium Classique d'Abidjan, the Gymnasium Sainte-Marie DE Cocody, Gymnasium garçon DE Bingerville, Mami Adjoua the Lyceum, the Pascal city college may be a French college – a college UN agency has signed associate agreement with the ADFE. Recently the Gymnasium International Jean-Mermoz re-opened that was ab initio referred to as school International Jean-Mermoz, based by capital of South Dakota Padovani. The establishment suffered from a devastating war and was forced to shut.[45]

Some ancient medication institutions sell ancient medicine within the street.[citation needed] There area unit various health centers, pharmacies and pharmacopoeias.[citation needed] town has quite fifty clinics, and over sixty specialist locations (veterinary, medicine, dental, optometry, motherhood, psychology, pediatrics, etc.)[citation needed].

Urbanism and home ground
Modern districts like highland or Cocody have developed almost like those in Europe with the development of enormous workplace towers and flat buildings between the Seventies and also the mid-1980s.[46]

Traditional neighborhoods like Treichville or Marcory maintained the system of "concessions" wherever housing is adjacent to the plant and a region of many homes, at intervals the traditional organization and multi centuries-old African villages.[47]

The district of Cocody is additionally home to several single-storey wood villas, encircled by large gardens of lush vegetation, fed by the serious rains that water town. Wealthier inhabitants created villas in imitation of Greek temples during this district. additionally, many homes were engineered on stilts on the sting of the Ébrié lagune. The government building, a fine example of modernist design, was designed by creator Henri Chomette [fr].

Problems with urban network

Urban Network in autoimmune disease highland
The urban network is noncontinuous, as city has seen its population double each seven years since 1945. Rural folks area unit attracted by the opportunities of town. city represents forty fifth of town dwellers within the African country and 2 hundredth of the general population. town is out and away the country's largest, dwarfing the second-largest town, Bouaké (which had 542,082 inhabitants in 2014) likewise because the political capital, Yamoussoukro (207,412 inhabitants).

Urban uncleanness
Since the 2006 Probo native bear waste material spill,[48] vital efforts are created to handle waste management problems in city. In 2006, a contract was signed between China and shelter d'Ivoire: a Chinese company handling urban waste and industrial plans to treat all waste district this transformation conjointly produce daily cleanup. .[49]

French nongovernmental organisation ACTED extended a 3-part project across three districts of city in 2016, establishing street cleanup, waste assortment and hygiene coaching. ACTED exponent Jérémy Lescot delineated the project as "a fine success".[50]

Urban rehabilitation
The last transportation upgrade in city light-emitting diode to the repaving of sure roads within the capital in 1994. Since might 2007, the corporate Ageroute [fr] (Road Management Agency) is enterprise major operations in city and Anyama regarding badly broken roads, affected by lack of maintenance, serious rain and protests. it's conjointly addressing the gutters and unpaved roads.[51] The District and BNETD attempt to rehabilitate and construct four hundred to five hundred miles (640–800 kilometres), providing them with a high quality to last 15–20 years of life. enhancements embody the rehabilitation of roads in city and Anyama, construction of drains, the tarring of gravel roads and sanitation of town by the development of sewers. These rehabilitations have an effect on all municipalities in Abidjan:

In Cocody, at a price of three billion CFA francs, reconstruction of the Corniche, one in every of the busiest roads within the municipality. Reconstruction has been extended by the dam of the limit, placed at the crossroad DE la compete, to filter all waste drop into the lagune.
At Yopougon, the rehabilitation nerve Sand continues with the development of a drain two hundred feet (61 metres) long designed to slow the streaking waste, the most reason behind the degradation of pathways.
In Abobo the degradation of the roads needs a big investment in producing and installation of gutters to confirm correct sanitation. The rehabilitation of roads and highways continues.

Market in Adjamé
The principal stock market of the Cộte d'Ivoire and also the alternative seven countries of the Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA),[note 1]Bourse Régionale des Valeurs Mobilières (BRVM), is found in city.[52] Air Ivoire has its head workplace in city.[53] before its dissolution, Air Afrique was headquartered in city.[54]

The region close to the lagoons is that the most industrial region of the country.

Major industries embody food process, lumber, automobile producing, textiles, chemicals, and soap. there's conjointly an oversized refinery. Its industries area unit principally in construction and maintenance with the presence of major international groups: the chamber SETAO, Colas, Bouygues, Jean Lefebvre, and Swiss Holcim.

There area unit textile industries with the packaging of cotton within the north each for export or for on-site process of material, canvas, batik wear and miscellaneous. The textile sector is incredibly dynamic, and represents fifteen.6% of web investment, thirteen of turnover and pure gold of the worth accessorial in Ivorian trade.

There area unit many offshore oil wells operative (Côte d'Ivoire is associate oil manufacturing country), that results in the presence of a industry with oil refineries,[55] associated an oil port. It conjointly works on stones and precious metals for exportation[56]

The city conjointly features a massive wood process plant at the port by stream from the forests of central Canada[clarification needed]. It exports natural mahogany, naked as a jaybird wood, laminate and plank for the past 2 centuries.

Food trade principally include: the assembly of oil, Citrus bergamia and Sevilla oranges. within the west, rubber is processed likewise as producing beverages from pineapples, oranges[57] and mangoes, manufacturing robusta coffee: African country is that the third largest producer, behind Colombia and Brazil[58] and process cocoa,it is the third largest producer within the world behind African country and state.[59] (37% of cocoa and 100 percent of low merchandise endure a minimum of one initial native processing). city is additionally the primary African tuna port for the ecu market. This generated three,000 salaried jobs and is a crucial supply of exchange. As altogether countries of the assemblage developing countries, abundant of the city's economy lies in what economists describe as informal economy[60] with its several "odd jobs".[61]

Tertiary sector
The development of tertiary trade, with the institution of international industrial banks and also the increasing variety of service corporations of every type, seems to be the trend of recent years. city is that the main middle of French geographical area. The seat of the stock exchange of geographical area (BRVM) is found in city. BRVM is especially dominated by Ivorian corporations.

The thermal power station Azito, inbuilt 1997 in partnership with EDF, placed on the Yopougon on the sting of the lagune and facing Ébrié Island Boulay, alone provides three hundred MW.[62] 2 alternative power plants, inbuilt 1984 and 1985, area unit put in in Vridi. many utilities area unit put in in Abidjan: CI Energies, erstwhile SOPIE, that may be a corporation state,[63] ICE and CIPREL, subsidiaries of the French cluster SAUR[64] African country produces all the electricity it consumes, and exports to neighboring countries, Ghana, Togo, Benin, African nation and land through the interconnection.[65]

The production, that will increase steady, and gas storage area unit provided by 2 state companies: PETROCI and GESTOCI.[66] atiny low trade of renewable energy production has conjointly developed.[67]

Telecommunication and ICT
The city features a powerful fastened phonephone network of 450,000 lines (in 2004) managed by African country telecommunication. Broadband net connections, hired lines and ADSL area unit supercharged by numerous providers: Aviso Ivory Coast Telecoms. Africa is Line,[68] Globe Access, Afnet,[69] and because the news portal World Wide

Banking system
Abidjan is home to all or any the representatives of international money institutions: IBRD, International fund, African Development Bank, BOAD, etc. Banking Commission of WAEMU regional stock market securities subsidiaries of major international banks: BNP Paribas, General bank, Crédit Lyonnais, Citibank, JPMorgan Chase & Co., Barclays, etc. Sixteen national banks (SGBCI, BICI, etc.) maintaining a network of one hundred seventy branches, seven money establishments and quite thirty insurance corporations create a money competitive city that animates the whole geographical area.

Trains on the road to Ouagadougou run from many stations within the town, the foremost necessary being in Treichville. Ferries link Treichville, Abobo-Doumé and autoimmune disease highland. Felix Houphouet Boigny International Airport[70] serves town. Work on a brand new tube system has begun, with the start of service anticipated in 2020.

SOTRA (Abidjan Transport Company) guarantee urban transportation in city via bus, taxi and bags Line categorical.

Sotra has proclaimed the beginning of labor for the utilization of sunshine rail to city. The project has 3 phases at a price of one hundred twenty five billion CFA francs for a protracted loop of thirty two kilometer.[citation needed]

There area unit 2 kinds: the taxi-meter (Red), which might travel throughout town, and woro-woro (yellow and inexperienced, blue or orange counting on the commune), that area unit restricted to a part.

Port Bouet field features a massive capability that enables it to accommodate all existing massive craft. city is found associate hour's flight from all the capitals of the sub-region. city is served by major airlines within the direction of the nice capitals of the globe. Headquarters of the previous international African Air company, city field had nearly a pair of,070,000 passengers in 2017.

The District[71] has many made-up streets and boulevards linking the cities between them and also the District across the country. city features a network of urban bypasses.

River transport is already in step with fishing spots and plenty of "boat-buses" connecting the assorted neighborhoods of town thrives arrange lagune.

Abidjan is additionally the bridgehead of the country's solely road linking town to the executive and political capital, Yamoussoukro.


Port of city, 2009
Abidjan has one in every of the most important ports within the sub-region (West Africa). it's a instrumentality transfer port and was opened in 1951 within the presence of the Minister of Overseas and Colonies at the time, François Mitterrand. The 15m deep Vridi Canal, wherever boats with massive draughts will dock within the deep port.[72]

The African country is within the monetary unit Zone (where the currency is CFA francs), as a part of the West African Economic and financial Union (WAEMU). city is that the economic centre of each the African country and of the total region, as well as land and Mali; this is often principally owing to its deep port. The road network in city (5,600 kilometer asphalted in 1995, compared to one,000 kilometer in 1970), that covers the total region, effectively will increase its port activity as five hundredth of the business from land, African nation and Niger submit to it.

Abidjan receives the majority of the country's industrial activity; its port alone receiving hr of ivory park trade. city has ambitions of oil-production—off-shore production and particularly purification and distribution. In 1995 the port received twelve million tonnes of traffic, of which 5.5 million tonnes were oil merchandise.

Exports embody low, cocoa, timber, bananas, pineapples, and Mn.[13]

The two-halves of town, Northern city and Southern city, area unit joined by the Houphouët-Boigny, the Charles general and also the Henri Konan Bédié bridges. the 2 former bridges, inbuilt the Fifties and Sixties severally, area unit placed between Treichville and autoimmune disease highland. The Général-de-Gaulle Bridge extends over the immenseValéry Giscard d'Estaing avenue that results in the field. each bridges area unit typically full, particularly throughout hour or on the occasion of police and military roadblocks.

A third 1.5 km (0.93 mi) toll bridge and motorway, the Henri Konan Bédié Bridge between Cocody and Marcory was completed in Gregorian calendar month 2014. Project construction began within the half of 2012 and needed the relocation of many homes and businesses opposite the Mille Maquis (the noted edifice la Bâche bleue was moved).[73] per information rumored by the African Development Bank, 2,499 persons were wedged by the bridge construction and were resettled and salaried.[74]

A fourth 1.4 km (0.87 mi) toll bridge is currenlty below construction between Yopougon and highland.[75]

Trains and trams
Main article: Rail transport in African country

Train platform, Abidjan, 2014
The city is that the foothold for the region's solely railway: the Abidjan-Ouagadougou line, with stations in Treichville, Abobo and Adjamé. This line solely has 2 trains, the antelope and also the Bélier, and links the 2 capitals in regarding forty hours.[76]

The most recent project in city is one for an electrical train that is secure by the Ivory Society of Railroads (SICF).[77]

The development of infrastructural comes has been envisaged, as well as a residential district train system in city that is calculable to price nearly a hundred billion CFA francs. This residential district train system would link the North-West to the East and North of town. The project extends over twenty five kilometer of railway tracks that as of 2011 were employed by the operator Sitarail, a company of the Bolloré cluster. The infrastructural works (tracks, electrification, and civil engineers) are calculable at forty billion CFA francs, supported by the State of Ivory Coast and backers (World Bank and also the French Development Agency). additionally, a larva concession contract would lean to a non-public operator, over 20–30 years, to work the network. This operator are responsible of the acquisition of railway materials, workshop renovation and also the implementation of associate organisational system. The concession contract has been calculable at around sixty billion CFA francs.


A beach in Cocody
Abidjan may be a distinctive town in Africa. Its nicknames, like "Manhattan of the tropics", "Small Manhattan" or "Pearl of the lagoons", make a case for the city's unpredictable and triumphant image. With its accommodation facilities – like the Golf edifice – and sporting facilities, its spirited night life, transport and communication lines likewise as its magnificence, it's the proper town for business business enterprise.

Abidjan conjointly has beaches round the lagune, with palm and coconut trees, within the Vridi space, that area unit extremely popular at weekends with the picturesque sight of the pineapple and coconut sellers. withal, the rip-tides that affects much the total of the Gulf of Guinea's coast, means during this space swimming isn't sometimes allowed. Generally, in African country, business enterprise has ne'er extremely been developed as associate economic industry; the country isn't abundant of a typical vacation destination.

Parc du Banco (Banco National Park)

Fanicos, Abidjan's washermen
Converted in 1926, this park has three,000 hectares and ancient "sacred wood" lies at the doorway to town, within the Attécoubé community, that has been preserved as a relic of the primary forest that encircled the lagune within the past. A tarmaced road goes straight to the lake at the guts of the park and trails go throughout it. The park is thickly settled and there area unit low and cocoa plantations.

At the sting of the park, atiny low stream is a wash-house wherever the fanicos, laundry men, work once collection the laundry from the total of town. it's one in every of the 'small jobs' that exist in city.

Overall, the nightlife in city is taken into account to be one in every of the liveliest within the whole of Africa.

The district has associate abundance of night-clubs, maquis, out-door areas, and go-go bars. These diversion platforms offer a musical 'pipeline' encompassing principally DJs, automobile Décalé and Zouglou, and, in lesser amounts, alternative native and international varieties.

Formerly containing solely native ancient varieties, Congolese music and Western music, Abidjan's night life has practised a positive cultural disruption in its music since the beginning of the 2000s, with the arrival of automobile Décalé.

This style was introduced in 2002 by Douk adventure story [fr] and La set [fr], with the assistance of Sagacité, created a development that has not stopped spreading and reaching bent the recent nights within the capitals of the sub-region. it's given a globally identifiable cultural identity to diversion 'made in shelter d'Ivoire'.

The extremely popular Zouglou in addition advantages "Wôyô" spaces; stocked with and dedicated so the foremost noted, the Internat at Fitini's and also the Gymnasium at Vieux Gazeur's, attract 'zouglouphiles' the total weekend.

Treichville, with its several maquis, discothèques, and jazz clubs, accustomed be the liveliest space within the town, however since the tip of the Nineteen Nineties Youpougon, Marcory, and Cocody have seized this role.

Religious buildings

St. Paul's Cathedral in city

Great musjid in city
The Treichville musjid, the Cocody musjid, the highland musjid,[78] and Saint-Paul's Cathedral in city, created by the creator Aldo Spirito and consecrated by Pope John Paul II in 1985, conjure the city's main non secular buildings. The cathedral is that the seat of the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of city. On April 5, 2015, the development of a brand new LDS Temple in city was proclaimed.[79]

Monuments and museums
The National Library of shelter d'Ivoire[80]
In Cocody:
The Goethe Institute.[81]
The Municipal deposit.[82]
The yankee Culture Centre (CCA)
The Ki Lolo M'Bock Village[83] (in the Riviera).
Cocody deposit of up to date Art.[84]
Point d'Orgue, personal music education centre
In Plateau:
The French Cultural Centre (CCF)
The African country deposit of Civilisations
The National Museum: presents a group of Ivorian art (statues, masks, jewelry, tools, incised doors, tom-toms and musical instruments from each region within the country). there's no entry fee, however guests might create a voluntary donation.
In Treichville:
The Sports Palace
The Cultural Palace.[85]
The city artisanal centre (CAVA)
Each year film festivals area unit union in Abidjan: The Clap-Ivoire pageant,[86] the Spanish festival, the African country National Film Festial (FESNACI) – the primary of that was union in 2007,[87] the short festival (FIMA),[88] that has been union since 1998 by Hanni Tchelley, the city Israeli Film Festival;[89] the fourth one materialized in 2006 within the Goethe Institute.

Abidjan in cinema
Several films depict or area unit dedicated to the city: )

Le Sixième doigt, a movie by Henri Duparc.
Bronx-Barbès by Eliane Delatour free in 2000.[90]
Mentir Pour Être frozen dessert by patriarch Arts diversion
Enfer DE La Justice by patriarch Arts diversion
Caramel a movie by Henri Duparc with Adrienne Koutouan, Fortuné Akakpo.
Rue Princesse[91] a movie by Henri Duparc with Félicité Wouassi [fr], Akissi Delta, Gérard Essomba free in 1993, representational process a part glorious for nightlife, music, and prostitutes.
Danger Permanent[92] a movie by capital of South Dakota Laba with Michel Bohiri, Michel Gohou, Adrienne Koutouan, Jimmy Danger.
Un homme pour deux sœurs a movie by Marie-Louise Asseu free in 2007, with Bétika, Jimmy Danger, Michel Gohou
Le gentleman DE Cocody a movie by Christian-Jaque free in 1964, with Jean Marais, Philippe Clay, parliamentarian Dalban, Jacques mushroom, Gil Delamare, Maria Grazia Buccela, city Holloway and Liselotte Pulver.
Le virus [fr], a movie by cheese Brigitte free in Gregorian calendar month 2007, with Fortuné Akakpo, Fanta Coulibaly, Tatianna DE M'C Ensira.
Abidjan may be a turntable for West African music, and a serious producer of musical art in Africa. town attracts the bulk of musicians from the African country principally owing to its several dance clubs, which permit artists to create their debut and categorical themselves, record corporations and national media. Here area unit some samples of the foremost common artists to possess created their debut in Abidjan: Alpha Blondy, Aïcha Koné, the cluster Magic System, Meiway, and Tiken Jah Fakoly, likewise as Gadji Celi, Chantal Taiba, Nayanka Bell, DJ Arafat. within the Eighties Miriam Makeba came to city once she wasn't allowed back to her own country, Republic of South Africa, as did the Congolese opera star Tshala Muana, apostle of the Soukous kind of dance.

Since the Nineteen Nineties, city has had a big form of musical designs being exported throughout Africa and also the West. These area unit Zoblazo, Mapouka, Zouglou and, since 2002, the Coupé-Décalé; the recognition and nice form of these dances create town a form of African dance and musical trend capital. Congo-Kinshasa erstwhile command this title, with rumba, soukous and so ndombolo. city is additionally thought-about the popular music genre capital of Africa.

Each year, town organises the subsequent music festivals:

Abi-Reggae [93]
Faya Flow[94]
Les prime d'or.[95]
Concerto pageant.[96]
Le Tiercé Gagnant[97]
The RTI Music Awards.[98]
Dj combine Atalakou, union by RTI Music TV[99]
International fete of city (FIJA)
International pageant of musical genre (FIMNA).[100] union each 2 years, alternating with the International fete.
See also: Media of African country
Most mass media in African country will be found in city.

Television and radio
The National Council for Audio-visual Communication (CNCA) is that the control authority of audio-visual material in African country.

Radiodiffusion tv Ivoirienne (RTI) is that the radio and tv broadcasting authority for shelter d'Ivoire; it's supported by licence fees, packaging and grants. RTI has four tv channels and 2 radio stations: La Première (non-specialised), TV2, RTI Music TV, RTI Sport TV, Radio African country, and rate a pair of (non-specialised radio). Radio Jam may be a personal station in African country and is most listened to by teens.

With regards to personal channels, percussion instrument TV are the primary International African country TV station with headquarters in city, with alternative studios within the us, Italy, France, Asia, the center East.

There are many African country TV channels or radio stations out there on the Internet: Africahit, Music TV, TV, Bengueshow, etc.

With the launch in 2015 of DISCOP Africa city, town became a hub for TV market professionals from French-speaking Africa.[101]

At the time of the single-party, a political state of affairs that dominated over the country for thirty years like most alternative West African countries once independence, only 1 daily newspaper was distributed throughout the country: Fraternité Matin, from the parliamentary cluster PDCI-RDA, that was based by the primary president, Félix Houphouët-Boigny. the appearance of multiple parties in shelter d'Ivoiret in 1999 will be seen within the proliferation of newspapers and various publications, of that the bulk is printed in city.[102]

Daily Publications
L'Inter [fr]
Nord-Sud [fr]
Fraternité Matin
Mo" Papers.
Mo" diversion
Le nouveau réveil
Notre Voie
Le Front [fr]
Le National (journal) [fr]
Le Temps
Le Jour
Le Patriote
Le Matin d'Abidjan
Le Courrier d'Abidjan
Ivoir'Soir [fr]
Soir Info
24 heures
Daily Sports Publications
Le Sport
Weekly Publications
Gbich (journal satirique)
La Nouvelle République
Le Démocrate
Top Visage
Monthly Publications
Déclic Magazine*
Babi Mams Magazine
Internet and digital TV
The President, the Prime Minister, the government, and ministers have an officer web site.

The web portal, that is domiciled in CA within the U.S., broadcasts info regarding town and also the country everywhere the globe.[103] within the "global village" organisation, city features a variety of internet-cafés that area unit increasing exponentially, in 2007, there have been four hundred,000 net users.
The web portal,[104] that is domiciled in city within the Ivory Coast, broadcasts info regarding town and also the country everywhere the globe.
Television channels
There is only 1 public state-owned channel (RTI), that is additionally responsible of radio.
Channel a pair of (TV2): current.
Private channels and international radio: undeveloped, non-existent.
Local radio stations: localised regional nature stations, not accessible out of the country.
Festivals and cultural events
The Chad pageant.[105]
Urban Dance pageant.[106]
Hip-hop is back. The show was on twenty one April 2007, and Diam's and Rageman were guests. It materialized on 2 stages at the Las Palmas advanced.
Several fashion events area unit union within the town every year: "Les Féeries" (The Fairies),[107] the ceremonies for Miss African country, Miss city District, Miss Christmas (for 6–11 year olds) and Miss Awoulaba (very prestigious). Moreover, the Yéhé Fashion Show[108] takes place per annum, a celebration of African fashion, and also the International pageant of intimate apparel and wonder of city (FILBA).

Abidjan is additionally the headquarters for Ivory Coast's garments designers, famous for being the most effective in Africa; as well as Gilles Touré (designer for Miss shelter d'Ivoire) or maybe Pathéo.

Climbie Beach pageant
International Cartoon pageant,.[109]
International Comedy pageant (FIRA) union by Adama Dahico.[110]
Côte d'Ivoire is home to groups from many sports: (basketball, athletics, rugby, handball, volleyball, etc.), soccer is very popular in Abidjan. Abidjan is home to ASEC Mimosas, one of the country's leading football clubs.

Ces photos ne sont pas libre de droits.