Guide to Travel Photograpy
We all take picture when we travel to other places. Many of us may have Cameras and most of us use our cell phones to take pictures and selfies. Here are some of the photography rules to take note of when making picture.
Camera is indeed very important tool for making pictures but it is not the end of the world. If you have a good camera great, but if you dont have a good camera you can still mage with the simple cell phone camera too. The most important is how you take pictures and how creative you are in taking the picture. The best pictures are not necessarily from the best cameras but they are taken with better sense and it is clear that an effort was made to shoot the picture. Many times you can catch a moment there where no camera is available
Rules of Photography
Photography is creative art, you can have your own rules for photography, what is needed is the creative look towards the object you are shooting and the hard work that goes intotaking the most unique and creative picture of an object that has been shooted millions of times by other.
There are however some written rules which make it easy for you to understand how a picture should be taken in a certain situation and how you can manage to take a picture in the best possible way.
Rule of Thirds
This is the most important rule of Photography that has been in practice in the field of Photography from the begining. This rules basically states that you have to divide your picture into 3 parts from to top to bottom and from one side to other. In other words you can have imaginary 9 boxes in in the view finder, some camera already offer to view this rule in their view finder. Here is how to use the rule of thirds.
When you see the 9 boxes you can also see the two horizontal and 2 vertical lines on the images now these lines intersect with each other at 4 different point as show in the picture below point a,b,c, d.
Chose the most important object in your picture that object should lie on any of these 4 intersections. Suppose you are making a picture of a boy in the fields you will have his facr on either a or b intersection now the sky will either end at the first line of top or exactly on the second line
see the picture below
Rule of thirds also apply to scenery of the mountain, plains, or buildings. The sky must end either on the first horizontal line or the 2nd horizontal line
Look at the sky it is ending just below the 3rd line, now this rule is not necessarily exactly on the line but you can say near the line.
Framing - Fill The Frame
Some times you want to take a picture but there are too many other things in the background which may effect the actually importance of the object you are taking in this case you must zoom the object and try to get all the other clutter away from the actualy object. This is usually ideal situation for a portrait or an still object
Viewpoint and extra effort for a perfect view
When taking picture make a wise decission on from where you will be taking the picture i.e your view point. It is also notable to say that to find the right view point do extra effort, do not hesitate on climbing the perfect place from where you can have the best view of the object. This also ensires the most unique view which others will not dare to take the time to go to.
Don't Cut parts of body off the image
Keep an eye on the edges of your frame to make sure the person/animal you're photographing hasn't had any of their body parts chopped off by it. Cutting off your cat's tail, your dog's ears or even part of your model's head, will not only spoil your shot, but the unintentional limb chopping can also pull attention away from what the viewer should really be looking at. Of course, there are times when this rule can be ignored but for the most part, pay attention to it.
Try to Use natural frame within the picture
Frames have various uses when it comes to composition. They can isolate your subject, drawing the eye directly to it, they can hide unwanted items behind it, give an image depth and help create context. Your frame can be man-made (bridges, arches and fences), natural (tree branches, tree trunks) or even human (arms clasped around a face).
Make The Most Of Lead In Lines / Shapes
Our eyes are unconsciously drawn along lines in images so by thinking about how, where and why you place lines in your images will change the way your audience view it. A road, for example, starting at one end of the shot and winding its way to the far end will pull the eye through the scene. You can position various focal points along your line or just have one main area focus at the end of your line that the eye will settle on. Shapes can be used in a similar way, for example, imagine a triangle and position three points of focus at the end of each point where the lines of the shape meet. By doing so you create balance in your shot as well as subtly guiding the eye.
Simplify – Know Your Focus
Having too much going on in your frame can mean the person who's looking at it just keeps searching for a point of focus and soon gets bored of looking when they can't find one. This doesn't mean you can't have secondary points of focus, it just means you should make every effort to make sure they don't steal all the limelight. Take a look at our tutorial on using points of interest in photography for more information on this.
Watch The Background
Unsightly objects, overexposed or particularly bright areas and blocks/dots of bright colour will all pull the eye from what it's meant to be focusing on so take a good look at your background before you take your shot and if possible, find a background that's not so obtrusive. If you're working on portraits make sure there are no unwanted items sticking out of your subject's head and unless it adds to the shot, throw the background out of focus. To do this, select a wider aperture if working with a DSLR or select the Portrait Mode on a compact camera to tell it you want to work with a wider aperture. If you're working with plants and flowers try creating your own backgrounds out of card and material which can be slipped into your bag alongside your camera gear.
Look For Symmetry/Patterns
Filling your frame with a pattern that repeats gives the shot more impact, exaggerating the size/number of the objects you're photographing. Shots, where there's symmetry in them such as lamp posts lining either side of a street, a long line of trees or a series of arches, can also be used to guide the eye to a single point. Just remember you need a focus point at the end of your shot otherwise it won't work as well. Symmetry can also involve non-related objects that resemble each other in shape, colour or texture. To be different, break the repetitive pattern with one shape/colour that stands out from the rest. You'll probably have to play around to see how positioning the 'odd one out' changes the composition/feeling of your shot.
Having fore-, middle- and background detail will add depth to your image as well as draw the eye through the picture. Compositional elements that compliment each other, for example with colour or by association, work well but do be careful with the size of objects you use and how you place them as you don't want the shot to be thrown off balance. You don't want a rock in the foreground of your landscape shot, for example, drawing the eye away from the hills and mountains in the background. Adding water to the foreground can also lighten your shot as well as adding an extra element of interest as it reflects the sky back out.
Once you've learnt these rules, and tried them out, why not have a look at 8 ways to break the rules. For more photography inspiration, have a look at our Top 10 photography techniques.